Aged related macular degeneration, also referred to as AMD, is an eye condition that affects the macula. This portion of the eye is the retina's central region, which is primarily responsible for seeing fine details. As you age, this part of your retina can deteriorate, which often results in vision loss. Macular degeneration is a progressive disease, which is among the leading causes of blindness for adults over 60. At Eye Care Associates Inc. in, our optometrists treat AMD and several other conditions that affect the eyes.
Understanding Macular Degeneration
There are two kinds of AMD:
- Dry AMD - This form is more common, affecting up to 90 percent of people who are diagnosed. Proteins called drusen can build up under the macula, which can affect your central vision. It happens gradually, and presently, there is no cure for this condition.
- Wet AMD - This form is less common but far more severe. The fragile blood vessels have leakage under the retina. Consequently, there can be a loss of central vision quite rapidly, which would warrant an immediate appointment with one of our optometrists.
The Symptoms of Age Related Macular Degeneration
This disease usually happens slowly over time, so having a routine eye exam with our optometrists is imperative as you get older. However, there are a few warning signs of AMD that should not be ignored.
- Spots in your central vision or blurry/distorted view
- The appearance of wavy lines with edges that should look straight
- Increased difficulty reading fine print
- Recognizable faces are more challenging to determine
Individuals Who Are At Risk For AMD
People over 60 have an elevated risk for developing age related macular degeneration. Also, certain lifestyle habits such as smoking and pre-existing conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and heart disease can increase your risk.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The only way AMD can be properly diagnosed is with a comprehensive eye exam from an optometrist. We will dilate your eyes to examine the internal structures to see where the origin of the problem resides. Depending on the AMD type you have, the treatment options may include vitamin and mineral supplementation, adding nutrient-dense food to your diet, intraocular injections, or laser therapy.
Contact Eye Care Associates in our Poland, Howland or Youngstown locations.
Taking a proactive approach to your eye health is always the best way to treat conditions that compromise your vision. If it has been a while since your last eye exam, call our team at Eye Care Associates Inc. today at (330) 746-7691 to schedule an eye exam with one of our optometrists.